Santarita said a similar concept can also be found in other

Asian countries, citing the Philippines’ compadrazgo and Indonesia’s bapakism as examples.

Compadrazgo, a Spanish word that literally translates to “co-fatherhood”, is based

on a kinship ritual that is formed after a child gets baptized into the Roman Catholic faith.

For the predominantly Catholic and close-knit Philippine society, t

he godfather (known as the padrino) is part of one’s extended family and is expected to he

lp and protect his godchild. The godchild is expected to respect and be loyal to the padrino.

Bapakism is derived from the Indonesian word for “father”. When us

ed in Indonesian business, bapakism demands great respect and obedience to one’s su

perior. The manager in his role as the company’s bapak is expected to look after and care for his employees.

Although Asian values are steeped in an ancient culture and tradition, it was only in t

he 1990s that this concept drew global attention. This was partly due to Asian leaders like the la

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Efforts should be made to give people a more solid and

sustained sense of security, Xi said.Beijing blasts US Congress for Taiwan defense bill

Xi called for reforms in public security work and said big data should be used as a major engine to promote innovation in the sector. More

measures for higher-quality services should be implemented to give the public a substantial sense of fulfillment, he added.

While demanding that high discipline be exercised within the public security forc

es, Xi said there will be zero tolerance for violations of laws and Party discipline.

He also urged Party committees at all levels to suppo

Beijing resolutely opposes the United States House of Representatives for passing a bill on Tues

day to bolster Taiwan’s defense capability, calling it “boorish interference” in China’s domestic affairs.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang made the comment on Wedn

esday after the House voted to pass a nonbinding resolution reaffirming the US commitment to Taiwan. It also backed the

so­-called Taiwan Assurance Act of 2019, which supports Taiwan increasing its defense spending.

rt public security staff in exercising power and fulfilling their responsibilities in accordance with the law.

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The forum helped countries upgrade their concept

 of cooperation, defined key areas and strengthened the mechanism to seek high-quality development of the BRI, he said.

Leaders reached wide-ranging agreement on high-quality cooperation on the BRI at the leaders’ roundtable on Saturday after an i

n-depth exchange of views on issues such as connectivity, policy integration and sustainable development.

They supported comprehensive infrastructure connectivity as a way to foster economic growth and to build high-q

uality, reliable, resilient and sustainable infrastructure, according to a joint communique issued after the roundtable.

All parties involved supported strengthening synergies in development policies using the principle

of extensive consultations, joint contributions for shared benefits and building even closer partnerships, the joint communique said.

The leaders also upheld green and sustainable growth and agreed to enhance cooperation in areas such as environ

mental protection, circular economy and clean energy, according to the communique.

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The two countries should take the opportunity to join

intly build the Belt and Road, deepen mutual political trust and pragmatic cooperation and pr

omote the development of the China-Chile comprehensive strategic partnership to a higher level, Xi said.

The two countries should promote the upgrading of bilateral tra

de and investment and enhance cooperation in such areas as minerals, clean energy, infor

mation technology, e-commerce, innovation and scientific research on the Antarctic, he said.

Xi called on the two countries to make joint efforts to celebrate the 50th anni

versary of China-Chile diplomatic ties next year and promote people-to-people exchanges.

China supports Chile’s hosting of the United Nations climate change confere

nce and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation economic leaders’ meeting this year, Xi said.

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Germany, another European country, has no plans to

block Huawei from participating in the buildup of its 5G ultra-high-speed intern

et, according to a previous China Daily report citing a Financial Times interview with the pres

ident of the Bundesnetzagentur, Germany’s telecommunications regulator.

Huawei CEO Ren Zhengfei said the company will comply with

European cybersecurity standards and the General Data Pr

otection Regulation laws that govern the EU during a previous interview with CNBC.

Huawei Technologies Co said on April 22 that it posted 179.7 billion yuan ($26.8 billi

on) in revenue in the first quarter of 2019, a 39 percent growth on a yearly basis.

The company had signed 40 commercial contracts for 5G by April 15, and had shipped

more than 70,000 5G base stations to markets around the world, said Huawei last week.

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As a prominent expert on China-US studies for decade

 Zhu also was twice denied single-entry visas to the US.

“This shows how the US is trying to block normal social exchanges bet

ween the two countries, an important channel for mutual understanding and trust,” Zhu said.

Besides scholars in social sciences, the US also began last year to make it harder for Chinese graduate students to get visas if they stud

y in “sensitive research fields”. It warned biomedical researchers at US universities to beware of “Chinese spies

trying to steal information from their laboratories”, according to The New York Times report.

Jon Taylor, a professor of political science of the University o

f St. Thomas in Houston, said the decision is “both absurd and exceedingly shortsighted”.

“These scholars and researchers are social scientists with a long history of interactin

g with their American counterparts as well policymakers in both countries,” he said.

“They are scholars teaching and researching what I teach and research. What are they going to steal?”

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From January to March, government tax income inc

creased by 5.4 percent year-on-year, 11.9 percentage points lower than that in the first quarter 2018.

Individual income tax decreased by 29.7 percent, the largest drop among three major tax item

s. Value-added tax growth has already slowed to 10.7 percent, down from 20.1 percent a year earlier.

Local government income from land sales fell 9.5 percent in the first three months, the Ministry of Finance said.

As the central bank has taken a pause in monetary easing, fiscal policy should remain pro

active to stabilize economic growth and ensure the recent rebound is not just a seasonal fluke, said economists.

Xu Xianchun, a former deputy director at the National Bureau of Statist

ics, said that fiscal policy should be implemented “with proper intensity and at the right time”, t

o prevent large fluctuations in the investment growth rate and negative impact on economic stability.

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Underscoring the increasingly important role of railw

way in social and economic development, leaders from China and the CEECs voiced support fo

r moving forward practical cooperation in the development of the China-Eur

ope Land Sea Express Line and making use of European Union (EU)-Chin

a Connectivity Platform to promote development of intermodal freight transportation.

Taking note of the Three Seas Initiative, the participants to the leaders’ meeting expressed their welcome to port cooperat

ion between China and the CEECs, including the opportunities deriving from inland waterways and the interm

odal connections to further enhance the cargo transportation between Asia and Europe.

Leaders from China and the CEECs also expressed their willingness to explo

re the possibilities of establishing a China-CEEC Customs Information Center in Hungary and

their support for the holding of the 5th China-CEEC Transport Ministers’ Meeting in 2020 in Croatia.

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Plenkovic said CEE countries’ exports to China rose f

 fivefold in the past few years, which helps reduce trade disparities with developed

economies. He called on all CEE nations to take the opportunity to deepen economic and trade cooperation with China.

Zhong Shan, minister of commerce, said over 1,000 people participated, the most since the event started nine yea

rs ago. “It demonstrates the increasing confidence in the forum and cooperation with China at large,” he said.

In recent years, China’s trade with CEE nations has seen rapid growth. According to the Ministry

of Commerce, China’s imports from the countries have risen by 24.6 percent to $23 billion. Chinese compan

ies have invested over $10 billion in CEE nations, which in turn have injected more than $1.5 billion into China,

focusing on machinery, auto components, the chemical industry, financing and environmental protection.

After the forum, Li and Plenkovic attended an exhibition of Chin

a-CEEC education cooperation and a dialogue mechanism to boost cooperation among small an

d medium-sized enterprises from both sides. Before leaving for Beijing, Li also had separate

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However, Xi said the country still has a lot to do to mak

ke up for the environmental arrears of the past, and its lack of forest c

over and vulnerable ecology remain problems requiring substantial efforts to conquer.

He called on officials at different levels to lead the public in making unwavering efforts to continue with tree planting programs.

It is also important to act on the understanding that clear w

aters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, promote the high-quality development of forestati

on programs and continue to promote the development of forested cities and rural areas, he said.

He also called for greater efforts to improve the living environm

ent, develop the green economy and step up the management and protection of forests.

Environmental protection has long been a priority for Xi, who has called on several occasions for efforts to protect the natu

ral environment “the way we protect our eyes”, and cherish it “as we cherish our own lives”.

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